Closing Logo Group
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Background: BBC Video was formed and established in 1980 as a division of BBC Enterprises to distribute BBC television programmes for home video (later "BBC Worldwide") with John Ross Barnard as head. Their videos originally went through U.S, distribution by CBS/Fox Video from 1985 to 2000 and with 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment from 1998 to 2000. The licence was taken over by Warner Home Video in 2000, and in 2005 they merged with Video Collection International to form 2Entertain.

1st Logo (6 October 1980-31 October 1988)[]


Logo:

  • Opening: Many coloured parallelograms come from the top and bottom of the screen towards the middle, where a white four-pointed star is being "drawn". The coloured shapes stop coming from the bottom as an orange line with a V-shaped bend in the middle arrives, accompanied by a "shadow" effect. It stops below the star, and the parallelograms return from the bottom as the letters "BBC" and "IDEO" are drawn in white at either side of the "V". The line with the "V" is traced over with white. All the parallelograms finally stop as the logo completes and the star in it shines. It looks like a 1970s neon sign.
  • Closing: The rainbow parallelograms are flying towards "BBC VIDEO", which disappears as if it was being played backwards; that is, it's sort of being "drawn away." The parallelograms stop and the 4-pointed star remains. As a copyright notice appears (in the Futura typeface) reading "© BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION and BBC ENTERPRISES LTD. (year in roman numerals)", the star "shines" and is drawn away too, leaving a small light which flashes a few times and then fades.

Variants:

  • On 101 Great Goals:
    • At the beginning, the already-formed logo is superimposed onto a soccer match.
    • At the end, a still shot of the normal opening logo with a copyright stamp (from the closing logo) is used.
  • The copyright date (in Roman numerals) may be in a different font, other than Futura.
  • On 1983 and 1985-1988 tapes, in the closing logo, a shadow effect was added while the star is being drawn away.
  • On some 1987-1988 tapes, the closing logo is shortened beginning with the © info fading in.
  • In 1987, on the first Watch with Mother VHS release:
    • On the opening logo, when the "V" comes in, the image turns to B&W, in a throwback to the colors of the program.
    • On the closing logo, it starts out grayscaled, but then turns back into color after a short while.
  • On BBC Wildlife tapes, the opening logo is shortened.
  • On BBC Children's Favourites, the logo fades in late.
  • On 1983 tapes, the copyright year appears a few seconds after the main stamp fades in.

Technique: Advanced backlight animation.

Audio: There were five versions (six all together if you include the closing):

  • Opening:
  1. (1980-1984 variant 1) A moog synth tune with a marching-band flair. Used from the beginning until 1984.
  2. (1980-1984 variant 2) A big band marching band-type tune (sounding similar to the first tune) which does not suit this logo at all. Used in tandem with the first tune.
  3. (1981) A orchestrated version of the of the first and second tunes in a different key (C major), led by violins. Used on the 1981 Laserdisc release of Treasures of the British Crown. It is unknown if it was used on any other releases.
  4. (1981-1984) A laid-back rock version of the first and second tunes in a different key (D♯/E♭ major).
  5. (1984-1988) A synthesized theme that ends with drawn-out synth notes and a 3-note synth-horn fanfare. A "whoosh" is also used to mark the appearance of the "V". This is the most common out of the six musical versions. Used from 1984 until the end. Composed by Peter Howell.
  • Closing:
  1. (1980-1984 variant 1) A re-arranged version of the moog synth tune.
  2. (1980-1984 variant 2) A re-arranged version of the marching band-type tune with a even more dramatic ending.
  3. (1981 variant 1) A slower re-arranged version of the string-led tune.
  4. (1981 variant 2) A slower re-arranged version of the rock tune with an electric guitar strum.
  5. (1980) An extremely rare re-orchestrated variant of Variant 2 can be found on Great Railway Journeys of the World - Flying Scotsman. (The opening used the second 1980 theme.)
  6. (1984-1988) Ascending synth notes and chimes that lead into a shorter version of the opening logo's music with a somber ending.

Audio Variants:

  • The Watch with Mother variant has a dreamy tune, sounding like it was played from a music box.
  • A silent version appears on the shortened closing and BBC Wildlife variants.
  • At the end of the UK VHS release of the 1974 BBC version of Heidi, the ending theme is used instead.
  • Stereo versions of the first two variants also exist on Laserdisc releases of Toyah: At the Rainbow and Deep Purple: California Jam, April 6th 1974.

Availability: Seen on any early releases of BBC programs.

  • It appears on the original Fawlty Towers tapes, and some Postman Pat tapes too.
  • The 1st opening and closing variants both appeared on the 1986 Playhouse Video issue of the 1983 BBC Video release of Doctor Who: Revenge of the Cybermen.
  • The 5th opening and closing variants have also been seen on the 1988 Playhouse Video issues of the 1985 BBC Video releases of the Doctor Who serials Pyramids of Mars and The Talons of Weng-Chiang (both of which retain the original 1985 copyright at the end), the 1990 Playhouse Video and 1992 CBS-Fox Video VHS issues of the BBC version of The Secret Garden (strangely, the closing version also made a surprise appearance on Netflix's print due to using an old video master), and a 1990 CBS-Fox reprint of the original 1986 VHS of Fawlty Towers: The Psychiatrist.
  • The short closing variant appears on the first two releases of Dad's Army (The Day the Balloon Went Up and Asleep in the Deep) and the 1988 releases of The Young Ones and John Arlott's Vintage Cricket.
  • One of the last tapes to use this was Fireman Sam 2: Lost Cat.

2nd Logo (6 June 1988-11 November 1991, 1992)[]

Visuals:

  • Opening: On a black screen, some warning text in a yellow Times font zooms in from the center of the screen. It fades out, and another load of text zooms in. The second set of text fades to a map of the world, metallic gold (land) on blue (sea), the land waves up and down. The land and sea draw together to form a globe (which is a modified version of the BBC 1 "Computer Originated World" ident from 1985 to 1991) rotating. The reverse of the globe can be seen through the "sea" of the globe. From the front and bottom of the screen, "BBC VIDEO" in a copper Times-like font flies in. When it stops below the globe two of the letters sparkle before the program starts.
  • Closing: The sequence reverses, with the "BBC VIDEO" flying out and the globe turning back into a map. The BBC Enterprises copyright disclaimer fades in at the bottom, which was occasionally cut from U.S. releases by CBS/Fox.

Variants:

  • On Australian releases, the tape's OFLC rating certificate appears in place of the copyright info.
  • The copyright text may be in a different font, other than ITC Advant Garde Gothic.
  • A rare extended variant was seen on some releases, in which the globe turns for longer.
  • On BBC Video World tapes, the warning text has a different layout, and the "BBC Video" text is replaced with "BBC Video World".
  • At the end of the 1989 re-release of The Magic Roundabout, the closing variant briefly flashes back on screen before the warning screen.

Technique: CGI.

Audio: Calm synth music with tribal beats, sometimes in stereo. The beginning sounds like the song "Hallelujah" by "Enigma". If you listen closely, you can hear that they sampled "Close Encounters Of The Third Kind" by Isao Tomita, the same excerpt used in Domovideo (Italy). For the closing version, each section of the opening logo's music plays in reverse order.

Audio Variant:

  • On some tapes, the music continues over the "Also Available" screen.
  • On some re-releases, i.e. The Magic Roundabout that was re-released in 1989, if one listens closely, there is faint music from the 1980 logo humming over in the background of the logo and the warning screen, due to poor plastering.
  • The closing variant could rarely have the music from the 1984-1988 version of the 1st logo.

Availability: Appears on some older CBS/Fox releases of BBC material.

  • Blackadder Goes Forth is one video that has this logo.
  • From July-November 1991, it was used in tandem with its successor.
  • Its last appearance was on Some Mothers Do ‘Ave ‘Em 2: Have a Break, Take a Husband.
  • The logo makes surprise appearances on the 1992 CBS/Fox VHS releases of Doctor Who: The Hartnell Years (closing version only) and Blackadder II, both of which were released earlier in the UK.


3rd Logo (1 July 1991-3 November 1997)[]

Visuals:

  • Opening: On a black background, a blue streak comes in from the right of the screen and a green streak comes in from the left of the screen. The two streaks merge to form a red line in the middle of the screen and they leave behind green and blue lines afterwards. The BBC boxes fade in rather dimly before brightening up as they form a CGI version of the 1988 BBC logo used at the time. The letters have shadows underneath them and the lines have glows underneath the boxes.
  • Closing: Same as the opening, except with the BBC Enterprises copyright disclaimer in Futura fades in below the logo. Starting in 1995, "BBC ENTERPRISES" is replaced with "BBC WORLDWIDE".

Trivia: Before being used for BBC Video, the logo was created by designers Sue Worthy and Brendon Norman-Ross in 1989 as an ID for the end of BBC trailers and promos at the time. As the streaks animate inwards, the words "TELEVISION" and "RADIO" in the then-current BBC corporate font (Futura Bold Condensed Italic) fade in and out above the smaller logo as it appears.

Variants:

  • On the 1995 VHS release of the Doctor Who episode "The Five Doctors," the 1988 logo is snatched up by the Time Scoop (the device that kidnapped the Doctor's incarnations and his companions at the beginning of the story).
  • On the 1996 UK VHS release of Bottom Fluff, which contains outtakes and unused footage from the sitcom Bottom, when the BBC boxes fade in and during the second half of the logo, white silhouettes of the show's stars, Rik Mayall and Adrian Edmonson appear below the logo and can be seen messing around.
    • This variant is also included on the 2008 DVD release of "The Five Doctors," but as an easter egg. To find it, go to "Special Features" on Disc 2, then highlight "Nationwide" and go left.
  • Re-releases with this logo would have the copyright disclaimer set in a different font (e.g. Helvetica or Gill Sans).
  • On The Best of the Mrs. Merton Show: Series One and Two, and Neverwhere, the closing logo deletes the caption "BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION" from the copyright disclaimer.
  • Starting in 1997, the closing version has a different disclaimer, saying "Distributed under license by BBC Worldwide Ltd." and below is the copyright stamp that reads "© BBC (in its 1988 print logo) (year in Roman numerals)". It was sometimes used in tandem with the original closing version.
  • On They Think It's All Over: No Holds Barred, the closing logo had a different copyright notice reading:
© TALKBACK PRODUCTIONS LIMITED/
BBC TELEVISION
(year in roman numerals)
  • At the end of the BBC TV Cooks video series, the copyright stamps below the BBC Worldwide disclaimer is changed to read "© BBC Worldwide (year in roman numerals)."

Technique: CGI.

Audio: A somber and creepy 9-note piano piece, followed by the sound of a choir holding the final note. This was composed on a Korg M1 synthesiser.

Audio Variants:

  • Sometimes, the 1989 fanfare is extended.
  • On the "Five Doctors" variant, a spinning whirl sound occurs where the Time Scoop steals the BBC logo.
  • At the start and end of the UK VHS release of Diana: A Celebration, the logo is completely silent, which was likely to pay respect to Princess Diana who died a few weeks prior. This also occurs with the 1993 UK VHS release of Poldark: Series 1 Volume 1
  • On some re-releases, if you listen very closely, you might hear the faint 1984 music from the 1980 logo humming over the logo and warning screen, due to poor plastering.

Availability: Appears on VHS releases of BBC programs from the era, like Series 1 of Yes Prime Minister.

  • This logo is intact on the 2005 DVD release of Wallace and Gromit in Three Amazing Adventures from DreamWorks Home Entertainment.
  • This weirdly also appears on Netflix prints of A Blackadder Christmas Carol, due to using a video master.
  • It can sometimes plaster previous logos on re-releases.
  • It appeared on UK Pingu VHS releases at the time ("Barrel of Fun" used the previous logo instead, though this logo appeared on the rare 1992 re-release version).
  • The closing variant appears at the end of the DVD of Doctor Who: More Than 30 Years in the Tardis (with the 1994 copyright) from the Doctor Who: The Legacy Collection DVD box set released in 2013, and on Red Dwarf Smeg Outs (with the 1995 copyright) on the Red Dwarf: Just the Smegs UK DVD released in 2007.
  • Within the logo's final month, it was used in tandem with the 5th logo.


4th Logo (September 1992-1999)[]

Visuals: Against a white marble background, three black boxes swing in from the right. As they turn sideways, the letters "BBC" enter each one. Once the logo is formed, three colored streaks (one blue, one red, and one green) pass under it and leave similarly colored lines under the boxes. Finally, the word "VIDEO" (in black) appears under the completed logo. Everything seems to be italicized, even the boxes.

Technique: CGI.

Audio: Same as the 3rd logo.

Audio Variant: At the beginning of the U.S VHS release version of Diana: A Celebration, the logo is completely silent.

Availability: Appears on home video releases of BBC programs (usually in the United States), such as Absolutely Fabulous. This logo was used in tandem with the other one. It was last seen on the 1999 CBS/Fox VHS of Doctor Who: The Keys of Marinus.

5th Logo (10 November 1997-2009)[]

Visuals:

  • Opening: On a navy blue background there are several ribbons going from top right and top middle of the screen and the bottom middle of the screen highlighted in red, green, and blue. The current BBC logo (in white) fades in.
  • Closing: Same as above, except when the BBC logo fades in, the same BBC Worldwide disclaimer and copyright stamp fade in below.

Variants:

  • Sometimes, the logo can be in widescreen, also the ribbons move differently. This is mostly seen on more recent DVDs.
  • Starting in 2001 on widescreen releases, the copyright stamp doesn't have "BBC" in its print logo anymore.
  • On The Best of BBC Comedy (a promotional tape made in conjunction with the UK tabloid the Sunday People), instead of the BBC logo, we see "BBC Worldwide & The Sunday People Present The BBC Comedy Collection" (with the Sunday People logo) on the animated ribbons background while an announcer says "You're watching The Best of BBC Comedy, a hilarious compilation prepared exclusively for readers of the Sunday People." At the end of the tape, we see a line-up of BBC Comedy videos of the time being shown on the animated ribbons background as the same announcer says "We hope you enjoyed this selection of The Best of BBC Comedy, specially compiled for the readers of the Sunday People. Why not watch them in full with your very own collection of BBC comedy videos? Available from all good video retailers." After he finishes, the BBC Video theme plays out as the second BBC Comedy Video line-up fades over to the closing version of the BBC Video ident.
  • On the Polish VHS release of The Incredible Adventures of Wallace & Gromit, the logo is shortened so that only the remaining animation (with the BBC logo) is shown. At the end of the tape, the logo is still.
  • On the 2001 Italian VHS release of Teletubbies: Tubby Toast, the logo was smaller, has a black background and the ribbons are thicker and only move slightly. This is probably a prototype variant of the logo.

Technique: Computer animation.

Audio: A slightly more upbeat re-arrangement of the previous two logos' theme, this time with synthesized strings.

Audio Variants:

  • For the logo's first year, the theme was slightly rearranged with different strings.
  • A low tone theme has been spotted on the closing version.
  • On the Polish VHS release of The Incredible Adventures of Wallace & Gromit, the Wallace & Gromit theme plays over the logo. At the end of the tape, it is silent.
  • On the 2001 Italian VHS release of Teletubbies: Tubby Toast, the logo is silent.

Availability: Common. Seen on VHS tapes and DVDs released by the company prior to 2009. One of the last releases to use this logo was the Warner/2Entertain region 1 DVD of Fawlty Towers: The Complete Collection - Remastered. One of the last DVD releases to have this ident was the UK release of My Family series 9, which was released in May 2009.

6th Logo (2009-2019?)[]

Visuals: A red screen flashes in a red lens flare, and it causes a BBC squares logo to appear, this time in a small, purple background. The background then glows in red as several flares in different colors, suddenly flashing one by one, light the BBC logo. The effect of flashing also appears on circles that left. The color in the background changes each time a flash appears.

Technique: Computer animation, designed by Lambie-Nairn.

Audio: A synthesized tune that is accompanied by strings, organs and drum beats.

Availability: Common. Can be seen on BBC home entertainment releases until the late 2010s.

7th Logo (2017-present)[]

Visuals: We see several white lines stretching and forming a star-like shape, then these separate (explode) and disappear, leaving some of the dots moving, while the BBC logo appears in the center. The dots disappear after a few seconds.

Technique: The lines and dots moving, the fading of the BBC logo.

Audio: A creaking sound, which is later accompanied by an orchestral theme.

Availability: Current. You can find this logo on Doctor Who and Bluey DVDs.

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